Fiber Bragg gratings sensors offer a unique opportunity in civil engineering. They can be configured as a low noise distributed sensor network for measuring mechanical deformations and temperature. They are ideally suited for strain measurements of high modulus structural materials such as steel and concrete. There is considerable interest in the use of these sensors for infrastructural nondestructive testing and there have been several papers on the subject. We present some results of our experiments with fiber Bragg sensors as applied to structural engineering. These include the use of fiber gratings to measure strain behavior of steel, reinforced concrete, and some preliminary results on bituminous materials, such as asphalt concrete. In nondestructive testing using fiber Bragg gratings of structural materials the packaging of the sensors is important and is discussed.