Final Results of the Sunbelt Melanoma trial: A multi-institutional prospective randomized phase III study evaluating the role of adjuvant high-dose interferon alfa-2b and completion lymph node dissection for patients staged by sentinel lymph node biopsy

Kelly M. McMasters, Michael E. Egger, Michael J. Edwards, Merrick I. Ross, Douglas S. Reintgen, R. Dirk Noyes, Robert C.G. Martin, James S. Goydos, Peter D. Beitsch, Marshall M. Urist, Stephan Ariyan, Jeffrey J. Sussman, B. Scott Davidson, Jeffrey E. Gershenwald, Lee J. Hagendoorn, Arnold J. Stromberg, Charles R. Scoggins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The Sunbelt Melanoma Trial is a prospective randomized trial evaluating the role of high-dose interferon alfa-2b therapy (HDI) or completion lymph node dissection (CLND) for patients with melanoma staged by sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy. Patients and Methods: Patients were eligible if they were age 18 to 70 years with primary cutaneous melanoma ≥ 1.0 mm Breslow thickness and underwent SLN biopsy. In Protocol A, patients with a single tumor-positive lymph node after SLN biopsy underwent CLND and were randomly assigned to observation versus HDI. In Protocol B, patients with tumor-negative SLN by standard histopathology and immunohistochemistry underwent molecular staging by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Patients positive by RT-PCR were randomly assigned to observation versus CLND versus CLND+HDI. Primary end points were disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). Results: In the Protocol A intention-to-treat analysis, there were no significant differences in DFS (hazard ratio, 0.82; P =.45) or OS (hazard ratio, 1.10; P =.68) for patients randomly assigned to HDI versus observation. In the Protocol B intention-to-treat analysis, there were no significant differences in overall DFS (P =.069) or OS (P =.77) across the three randomized treatment arms. Similarly, efficacy analysis (excluding patients who did not receive the assigned treatment) did not demonstrate significant differences in DFS or OS in Protocol A or Protocol B. Median follow-up time was 71 months. Conclusion: No survival benefit for adjuvant HDI in patients with a single positive SLN was found. Among patients with tumor-negative SLN by conventional pathology but with melanoma detected in the SLN by RT-PCR, there was no OS benefit for CLND or CLND+HDI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1079-1086
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume34
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Final Results of the Sunbelt Melanoma trial: A multi-institutional prospective randomized phase III study evaluating the role of adjuvant high-dose interferon alfa-2b and completion lymph node dissection for patients staged by sentinel lymph node biopsy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this