First-principles calculations of the energetics of stoichiometric TiO2 surfaces

Madhavan Ramamoorthy, David Vanderbilt, R. D. King-Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

568 Scopus citations


We present self-consistent ab initio total-energy calculations of the equilibrium relaxed structures and surface energies of the stoichiometric (1×1) (110), (100), (001), and (011) surfaces of TiO2. The relaxations of atoms on these surfaces are found to be substantial, and are responsible for a large reduction of the calculated surface energies. A Wulff construction is used to display the relative energetics of these surfaces. The (100) surface is found to be stable with respect to forming macroscpic (110) facets, while the (001) surface is nearly unstable with respect to forming macroscopic (1×1) (011) facets. These results shed light on published experimental results on the structures of these surfaces.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16721-16727
Number of pages7
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number23
StatePublished - 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics


Dive into the research topics of 'First-principles calculations of the energetics of stoichiometric TiO2 surfaces'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this