Fission yeast chkl protein kinase links the rad checkpoint pathway to cdc2

Nancy Walworth, Scott Davey, David Beach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

385 Scopus citations

Abstract

The dependence of cell-cycle progression on the integrity of the genome has been described as checkpoint control1,2. A number of mutants of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, selected for their sensitivity to DNA damage caused by radiation (rad mutants) or to the DNA synthesis inhibitor hydroxyurea (hus mutants) have been classified as checkpoint mutants because they fail to arrest the cell cycle in response to DNA damage or incompletely replicated DNA3-6. Coupling of the checkpoint pathways that monitor DNA repair a'nd replication to control of the cell cycle is essential. In a search for components that interact with the cell-cycle regulatory kinase p34cdc2, we have identified a novel fission yeast protein kinase homologue which is involved in cell-cycle arrest when DNA damage has occurred or when unligated DNA is present. We have called the gene encoding this protein chkl for checkpoint kinase. Multiple copies of chkl partially rescue the ultraviolet sensitivity of rad 1-1, a mutant deficient in checkpoint control3-5. Identification of a gene involved in check-point control as a rescue of a cdc2 mutant links the rad1-dependent DNA-damage-sensing pathway and p34cdc2 activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)368-371
Number of pages4
JournalNature
Volume363
Issue number6427
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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