Fluvastatin and niacin in hypercholesterolemia: A preliminary report on gender differences in efficacy

Terry A. Jacobson, Leonard A. Jokubaitis, Louis F. Amorosa

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27 Scopus citations


A total of 74 hypercholesterolemic patients were randomized to receive double-blind treatment for 6 weeks with either 20 mg of fluvastatin daily or placebo. Open-label niacin, to a maximum of 3 g daily, was added to each treatment for a further 9 weeks. Changes in lipid parameters were derived from averaged data, with monotherapy at weeks 3 and 6 and with combination therapy at weeks 12 and 15. The reduction in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) was significantly greater with fluvastatin (20.8%) compared with placebo (p <0.001) after 3-6 weeks of treatment. At the end of 12-15 weeks, the addition of niacin potentiated the response to 43.7% with the fluvastatin + niacin combination and to 26.5% with the placebo + niacin combination (p <0.001, vs baseline and between treatment groups). Significant gender differences were noted in the LDL-C response to the fluvastatin + niacin combination. Women achieved LDL-C reductions of 54.6% whereas men achieved reductions of 38.2% (p <0.005, between gender groups). Women also tended to have greater LCL-C reductions with the placebo + niacin combination, compared with men (p <0.05). At the end of 12-15 weeks, there were HDL-C increases of 33.1% (p <0.001) whereas triglyceride levels declined by 32.3% (p <0.001). In conclusion, fluvastatin, both as monotherapy and in combination with niacin, proved to be an effective and well-tolerated alternative for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia. The differential response in LDL-C between men and women should be further explored in other trials of lipid-lowering therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S64-S68
JournalThe American Journal of Medicine
Issue number6 SUPPL. 1
StatePublished - Jun 6 1994
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)


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