Food, the environment, and global justice

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations


This chapter identifies and critically examines a standard form of argument for organic and vegan alternatives to industrial agriculture. This argument faces important objections to its empirical premises, to its presumption that there is a single food system that minimizes harm and is best for the environment, and to the presumption that the ethically best food system for us to promote is the one that would be best in ideal theory or the one that would be best from the perspective of our own society. Instead, determining which food system should be promoted arguably requires a complex global, empirical, and ethical integrated assessment that includes a proper accounting for values of global justice in nonideal theory. This proper accounting arguably recommends sustainable intensification of food systems (as it is called in the food-science literature), which is importantly distinct from contemporary systems as well as from organic, local, and/or vegan-centered alternatives.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of Food Ethics
PublisherOxford University Press
Number of pages28
ISBN (Print)9780199372263
StatePublished - Jan 11 2018
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Arts and Humanities(all)


  • Agriculture
  • Environmental ethics
  • Ethics
  • Food
  • Global justice
  • Locavore
  • Organic
  • Sustainability
  • Sustainable intensification
  • Vegetarianism


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