Formation of BN from BCNO and the development of ordered BN structure: I. Synthesis of BCNO with various chemistries and degrees of crystallinity and reaction mechanism on BN formation

Metin Örnek, Chawon Hwang, K. Madhav Reddy, Vladislav Domnich, Steven L. Miller, E. Koray Akdoğan, Kevin J. Hemker, Richard A. Haber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

We synthesized BCNO compounds and investigated how the synthesis conditions impact i) BCNO formation, their chemistry and degree of crystallinity, and ii) BN formation from BCNO and its structural ordering. Heating boric acid (H3BO3) and melamine (C3H6N6) mixture yields intermediate amorphous BCNO compound. Increasing the synthesis temperature, and H3BO3 to C3H6N6 ratio promote BN formation and its structural ordering. We propose a possible reaction mechanism for BN formation from H3BO3 and C3H6N6 mixture and we explain the observations based on thermodynamic and kinetic considerations. An increase in synthesis temperature promotes BN formation since the reactions are endothermic. An increase in H3BO3 to C3H6N6 ratio promotes BN formation since theoretical BN formation temperature decreases with the above ratio. Furthermore, it enhances material transfer and mobility of the BN layer by forming B2O3 phase. We also propose a processing-structure correlation map that can help determining experimental conditions for single-phase amorphous BCNO synthesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14980-14989
Number of pages10
JournalCeramics International
Volume44
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

Keywords

  • Amorphous
  • BCNO
  • Boron nitride
  • Reaction mechanism
  • Structural ordering

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