Fragrance administration to reduce anxiety during MR imaging.

W. H. Redd, S. L. Manne, B. Peters, P. B. Jacobsen, H. Schmidt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


Fifty-seven outpatients received either heliotropin (a vanillalike scent) with humidified air (n = 20) or humidified air alone (n = 37) via a nasal cannula during magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnostic workup for cancer. Delivery of heliotropin and air was determined by a computer-controlled schedule. Fragrance administration resulted in a statistically significant reduction in average overall patient-rated anxiety (on a visual analog scale) during imaging in patients who found the fragrance moderately to extremely pleasant. Administration of fragrance was associated with 63% less anxiety than administration of humidified air alone. Physiologic measures (pulse and heart rate) did not show a statistically significant effect with fragrance administration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)623-626
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of magnetic resonance imaging : JMRI
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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