Functionalized Biopolymer Particles Enhance Performance of a Tissue-Protective Peptide under Proteolytic and Thermal Stress

Kevin Dooley, Julie Devalliere, Basak E. Uygun, Martin L. Yarmush

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cutaneous burns are often exacerbated by poor perfusion and subsequent necrosis of the microvasculature surrounding the primary injury. Preservation of these vessels can reduce necrotic tissue expansion and increase success rates of skin graft procedures. Recent work has identified a peptide derived from erythropoietin, ARA290, with the ability to mediate tissue protection in a variety of cell types. Here we demonstrate the advantages of fusing ARA290 to an elastin-like polypeptide (ELP) to salvage microvascular endothelial cells in harsh proteolytic conditions following thermal shock. These fusion proteins were expressed recombinantly in bacterial hosts and rapidly purified by inverse transition cycling. They were shown to spontaneously aggregate into particles at subphysiological temperatures. The bifunctional submicron particles were resistant to digestion in enzymes upregulated after burn injury. Furthermore, the data strongly suggest these ARA290-functionalized particles were superior to treatment with the peptide alone in preventing microvascular cell death in these conditions. The results bring to light an efficient and cost-effective strategy for the delivery therapeutic peptides to proteolytically active wound sites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2073-2079
Number of pages7
JournalBiomacromolecules
Volume17
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 13 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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