Future Time Perspective and End-of-Life Planning in Older Adults

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Abstract

This study explores the extent to which cognitive processes, specifically perceptions of one’s distance to death, are associated with informal and formal advance care planning (ACP) in a sample of older adults. Data come from the New Jersey End-of-Life (EOL) study, a survey of 305 adults aged 55–91. Binary logistic regression models evaluate the odds that someone conducted ACP. Persons who perceive remaining life span to be expansive or limited have significantly lower odds of formally planning for the EOL, relative to those in the middle category. Death anxiety and having a family confidante partially explain these associations. The association between future time perspective (FTP) and discussions is not statistically significant. Practitioners may consider individuals’ FTPs when discussing preferences for EOL medical care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)178-201
Number of pages24
JournalResearch on Aging
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Keywords

  • advance care planning
  • end of life
  • future time perspective

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