The mutation G541R within the ectodomain of TM was isolated in three independent chimeric enveloped murine leukemia virus (MuLV) viral populations originally impaired in viral passage and in wild-type 4070A. Isolation of G541R in multiple populations suggested it played a critical role in viral envelope function. Using a viral vector system, the observed effects of the G541R mutation within MuLV envelope proteins were pleiotropic and included effects on the regulation of SU-TM interactions and membrane fusion. G541R suppresses enhanced cell-cell fusion events attributable to the absence of the R-peptide yet does not adversely affect virus titers. The ability to suppress cell-cell fusion is dependent on the presence of the C terminus of the amphotropic 4070A SU protein. Within the wild-type 4070A envelope background, the mutation results in a decreased level of Env at the cell surface that is mirrored in the virion. The TM mutation alters recognition of the SU C terminus by a monoclonal antibody, suggestive of an altered conformation. The presence of G541R allowed the virus to achieve a balance between cytopathogenicity and replication and restored productive viral entry.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of virology|
|State||Published - Nov 2003|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Insect Science