Gasoline demand with heterogeneity in household responses

Zia Wadud, Daniel J. Graham, Robert B. Noland

Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fuel demand elasticities to determine consumer responses to tax increases or price shocks are typically based on aggregate data. The literature generally provides one elasticity estimate for each country, assuming similar response for all households. However, it is possible that different households can have different responses to the same stimuli depending on the household characteristics. Assuming a single elasticity for all households may fail to capture the detailed distributional effect on different socio-economic groups, which is often needed to fully understand the impact of fuel tax measures. This paper presents results from a household level gasoline demand model which accommodates variation in price and income elasticity with increasing income as well as for different socio-economic characteristics in the USA. We find substantial heterogeneity in price and income elasticities based on demographic groupings and income groups. Results of a distributional analysis for a gasoline tax are also presented using the heterogeneous responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages47-74
Number of pages28
Volume31
No1
Specialist publicationEnergy Journal
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Energy(all)

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