Gender-Inclusive Bathrooms Signal Fairness Across Identity Dimensions

Kimberly E. Chaney, Diana T. Sanchez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


While gender-inclusive bathrooms serve a practical function of providing a safe public restroom for transgender individuals, they may also signal identity safety for women and racial minorities who may experience identity threat in organizations. Across three studies, we demonstrated that women (Study 1) and racial minorities (Blacks, Latinos; Studies 2 and 3) report greater procedural fairness and a more positive gender (Study 1) or racial (Studies 2 and 3) climate in organizations with gender-inclusive bathrooms compared to traditional bathrooms. Further, these effects were due to companies with gender-inclusive bathrooms being perceived as lower in gender essentialism (Studies 1–3), signaling more egalitarian social environments (Study 3) and promoting identity safety across stigmatized identity dimensions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)245-253
Number of pages9
JournalSocial Psychological and Personality Science
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology


  • essentialism
  • identity safety
  • organizational
  • stigma
  • transgender


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