Background: Ever since orthopaedic surgery was cited as the specialty with the lowest percentage of women, research has geared toward better understanding where lapses occur and ensured that equitable opportunities exist within the field. Purpose/Hypothesis: To analyze the 5-year trend in the academic leadership roles of female versus male orthopaedic surgeons at the AOSSM Annual Meeting. We hypothesized that a nationally representative proportion of female surgeons would hold academic leadership positions and that this figure would increase during the study period. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: Publicly available AOSSM Annual Meeting brochures from 2015 to 2019 were analyzed. Moderators and course instructors with doctor of medicine (MD) or doctor of osteopathic medicine (DO) degrees were included. Gender-neutral names were researched as needed for gender clarification. The gender composition of total moderators and total course instructors was calculated and trended over the 5-year period. Statistics from the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) in 2017, the median of the study period, were used for comparison with total active sports medicine orthopaedic surgeons. Results: Women represented 5.9% of moderators and course instructors at the AOSSM Annual Meeting from 2015 to 2019. The percentage of female moderators increased from 6.0% in 2015 to 8.6% in 2019, and the percentage of female course instructors increased from 3.4% in 2015 to 5.6% in 2019. After adjusting for dual contributions by a single woman to both roles, we found that 6.7% of total moderators and course instructors over the 5-year study period were women (6.3% in 2015, 7.7% in 2019). This was close to the 6.6% rate of female sports orthopaedic surgeons reported by the AAMC in 2017. Conclusion: Using moderator and instructor involvement at the AAOSM Annual Meetings as a proxy for involvement in academia, we found evidence to support gender parity in the orthopaedic subspecialty of sports medicine. This example of a culture of equity and inclusion may be an encouraging example to cite in recruitment efforts for prospective medical student applicants and endorsing current female surgeons to seek leadership roles in academia.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- sports medicine