Genetic organization and regulation of a meta cleavage pathway for catechols produced from catabolism of toluene, benzene, phenol, and cresols by Pseudomonas pickettii PK01

J. J. Kukor, R. H. Olsen

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Abstract

Plasmid pRO1957 contains a 26.5-kb BamHI restriction endonuclease-cleaved DNA fragment cloned from the chromosome of Pseudomonas pickettii PKO1 that allows P. aeruginosa PAO1c to grow on toluene, benzene, phenol, or m-cresol as the sole carbon source. The genes encoding enzymes for meta cleavage of catechol or 3-methylcatechol, derived from catabolism of these substrates, were subcloned from pRO1957 and were shown to be organized into a single operon with the promoter proximal to tbuE. Deletion and analysis of subclones demonstrated that the order of genes in the meta cleavage operon was tbuEFGKIHJ, which encoded catechol 2,3-dioxygenase, 2-hydroxymuconate semialdehyde hydrolase, 2-hydroxymuconate semialdehyde dehydrogenase, 4-hydroxy-2-oxovalerate aldolase, 4-oxalocrotonate decarboxylase, 4-oxalocrotonate isomerase, and 2-hydroxypent-2,4-dienoate hydratase, respectively. The regulatory gene for the tbuEFGKIHJ operon, designated tbuS, was subcloned into vector plasmid pRO2317 from pRO1957 as a 1.3-kb PstI fragment, designated pRO2345. When tbuS was not present, meta pathway enzyme expression was partially derepressed, but these activity levels could not be fully induced. However, when tbuS was present in trans with tbuEFGKIHJ, meta pathway enzymes were repressed in the absence of an effector and were fully induced when an effector was present. This behavior suggests that the gene product of tbuS acts as both a repressor and an activator. Phenol and m-cresol were inducers of meta pathway enzymatic activity. Catechol, 3-methylcatechol, 4-methylcatechol, o-cresol, and p-cresol were not inducers but could be metabolized by cells previously induced by phenol or m-cresol.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4587-4594
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of bacteriology
Volume173
Issue number15
StatePublished - Sep 6 1991

Fingerprint

Cresols
Catechols
Toluene
Pseudomonas
Phenol
Benzene
Operon
2-hydroxymuconate-semialdehyde hydrolase
Deoxyribonuclease BamHI
Plasmids
Catechol 2,3-Dioxygenase
Enzymes
Hydro-Lyases
Gene Order
DNA Restriction Enzymes
Regulator Genes
Genes
Oxidoreductases
Carbon
Chromosomes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

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title = "Genetic organization and regulation of a meta cleavage pathway for catechols produced from catabolism of toluene, benzene, phenol, and cresols by Pseudomonas pickettii PK01",
abstract = "Plasmid pRO1957 contains a 26.5-kb BamHI restriction endonuclease-cleaved DNA fragment cloned from the chromosome of Pseudomonas pickettii PKO1 that allows P. aeruginosa PAO1c to grow on toluene, benzene, phenol, or m-cresol as the sole carbon source. The genes encoding enzymes for meta cleavage of catechol or 3-methylcatechol, derived from catabolism of these substrates, were subcloned from pRO1957 and were shown to be organized into a single operon with the promoter proximal to tbuE. Deletion and analysis of subclones demonstrated that the order of genes in the meta cleavage operon was tbuEFGKIHJ, which encoded catechol 2,3-dioxygenase, 2-hydroxymuconate semialdehyde hydrolase, 2-hydroxymuconate semialdehyde dehydrogenase, 4-hydroxy-2-oxovalerate aldolase, 4-oxalocrotonate decarboxylase, 4-oxalocrotonate isomerase, and 2-hydroxypent-2,4-dienoate hydratase, respectively. The regulatory gene for the tbuEFGKIHJ operon, designated tbuS, was subcloned into vector plasmid pRO2317 from pRO1957 as a 1.3-kb PstI fragment, designated pRO2345. When tbuS was not present, meta pathway enzyme expression was partially derepressed, but these activity levels could not be fully induced. However, when tbuS was present in trans with tbuEFGKIHJ, meta pathway enzymes were repressed in the absence of an effector and were fully induced when an effector was present. This behavior suggests that the gene product of tbuS acts as both a repressor and an activator. Phenol and m-cresol were inducers of meta pathway enzymatic activity. Catechol, 3-methylcatechol, 4-methylcatechol, o-cresol, and p-cresol were not inducers but could be metabolized by cells previously induced by phenol or m-cresol.",
author = "Kukor, {J. J.} and Olsen, {R. H.}",
year = "1991",
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N2 - Plasmid pRO1957 contains a 26.5-kb BamHI restriction endonuclease-cleaved DNA fragment cloned from the chromosome of Pseudomonas pickettii PKO1 that allows P. aeruginosa PAO1c to grow on toluene, benzene, phenol, or m-cresol as the sole carbon source. The genes encoding enzymes for meta cleavage of catechol or 3-methylcatechol, derived from catabolism of these substrates, were subcloned from pRO1957 and were shown to be organized into a single operon with the promoter proximal to tbuE. Deletion and analysis of subclones demonstrated that the order of genes in the meta cleavage operon was tbuEFGKIHJ, which encoded catechol 2,3-dioxygenase, 2-hydroxymuconate semialdehyde hydrolase, 2-hydroxymuconate semialdehyde dehydrogenase, 4-hydroxy-2-oxovalerate aldolase, 4-oxalocrotonate decarboxylase, 4-oxalocrotonate isomerase, and 2-hydroxypent-2,4-dienoate hydratase, respectively. The regulatory gene for the tbuEFGKIHJ operon, designated tbuS, was subcloned into vector plasmid pRO2317 from pRO1957 as a 1.3-kb PstI fragment, designated pRO2345. When tbuS was not present, meta pathway enzyme expression was partially derepressed, but these activity levels could not be fully induced. However, when tbuS was present in trans with tbuEFGKIHJ, meta pathway enzymes were repressed in the absence of an effector and were fully induced when an effector was present. This behavior suggests that the gene product of tbuS acts as both a repressor and an activator. Phenol and m-cresol were inducers of meta pathway enzymatic activity. Catechol, 3-methylcatechol, 4-methylcatechol, o-cresol, and p-cresol were not inducers but could be metabolized by cells previously induced by phenol or m-cresol.

AB - Plasmid pRO1957 contains a 26.5-kb BamHI restriction endonuclease-cleaved DNA fragment cloned from the chromosome of Pseudomonas pickettii PKO1 that allows P. aeruginosa PAO1c to grow on toluene, benzene, phenol, or m-cresol as the sole carbon source. The genes encoding enzymes for meta cleavage of catechol or 3-methylcatechol, derived from catabolism of these substrates, were subcloned from pRO1957 and were shown to be organized into a single operon with the promoter proximal to tbuE. Deletion and analysis of subclones demonstrated that the order of genes in the meta cleavage operon was tbuEFGKIHJ, which encoded catechol 2,3-dioxygenase, 2-hydroxymuconate semialdehyde hydrolase, 2-hydroxymuconate semialdehyde dehydrogenase, 4-hydroxy-2-oxovalerate aldolase, 4-oxalocrotonate decarboxylase, 4-oxalocrotonate isomerase, and 2-hydroxypent-2,4-dienoate hydratase, respectively. The regulatory gene for the tbuEFGKIHJ operon, designated tbuS, was subcloned into vector plasmid pRO2317 from pRO1957 as a 1.3-kb PstI fragment, designated pRO2345. When tbuS was not present, meta pathway enzyme expression was partially derepressed, but these activity levels could not be fully induced. However, when tbuS was present in trans with tbuEFGKIHJ, meta pathway enzymes were repressed in the absence of an effector and were fully induced when an effector was present. This behavior suggests that the gene product of tbuS acts as both a repressor and an activator. Phenol and m-cresol were inducers of meta pathway enzymatic activity. Catechol, 3-methylcatechol, 4-methylcatechol, o-cresol, and p-cresol were not inducers but could be metabolized by cells previously induced by phenol or m-cresol.

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