Genetically modified cotton and farmers' health in China

Ferdaus Hossain, Carl E. Pray, Yanmei Lu, Jikun Huang, Cunhui Fan, Ruifa Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

84 Scopus citations


This study provides the first evidence of a direct link between the adoption of a genetically modified (GM) crop and improvements in human health. Estimation of the impact of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) cotton adoption on pesticide use from data from a survey of cotton farmers in northern China, 1999-2001, showed that Bt cotton adoption reduced pesticide use. Assessment of a health-production function showed that predicted pesticide use had a positive impact on poisoning incidence. Taken together, these results indicate that the adoption of Bt cotton can substantially reduce the risk and the incidence of poisonings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)296-303
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


  • Asia
  • Biotechnology
  • China
  • Farmers
  • Genetically modified
  • Health
  • Pesticide
  • Poisoning


Dive into the research topics of 'Genetically modified cotton and farmers' health in China'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this