Geochemistry of the Margi umbers, Cyprus, and the Os isotope composition of Cretaceous seawater

G. Ravizza, R. M. Sherrell, M. P. Field, E. A. Pickett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

The major element, rare earth element, and platinum-group element chemistry of the Margi umbers have been investigated in order to evaluate these sediments as recorders of past variations in the Os isotopic composition of seawater. Because of the compositional similarity of the Margi umbers to metalliferous sediments and hydrothermal-plume particles from the modern ocean, we conclude that these supraophiolite sediments record the Os isotope composition of Cretaceous seawater. This conclusion requires that the Margi umbers have in large part retained their compositional integrity throughout burial deagenesis and subsequent uplift. That the 187Os/188Os ratio (0.52-0.55) of ca. 90 Ma seawater is similar to, or more readiogenic than, seawater throughout the Paleogene provids evidence of decoupling of the marine Sr and Os isotope records. Beyond constraining the 187Os/188Os of Cretaceous seawater, these results are significant in that they provide a set of chemical criteria that can be used to evaluate the potential of other metalliferous sediment sequences as recorders of the 187Os/188Os ratio of ancient seawater. Establishing these criteria represents an important step toward extending the marine Os isotope record into the Mesozoic and Paleozoic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)971-974
Number of pages4
JournalGeology
Volume27
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology

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