Geometrically projected discrete dislocation dynamics

Sh Akhondzadeh, R. B. Sills, S. Papanikolaou, E. Van Der Giessen, W. Cai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Three-dimensional discrete dislocation dynamics methods (3D-DDD) have been developed to explicitly track the motion of individual dislocations under applied stress. At present, these methods are limited to plastic strains of about one percent or less due to high computational cost associated with the interactions between large numbers of dislocations. This limitation motivates the construction of minimalistic approaches to efficiently simulate the motion of dislocations for higher strains and longer time scales. In the present study, we propose geometrically projected discrete dislocation dynamics (GP-DDD), a method in which dislocation loops are modeled as geometrical objects that maintain their shape with a constant number of degrees of freedom as they expand. We present an example where rectangles composed of two screw and two edge dislocation segments are used for modeling gliding dislocation loops. We use this model to simulate single slip loading of copper and compare the results with detailed 3D-DDD simulations. We discuss the regimes in which GP-DDD is able to adequately capture the variation of the flow stress with strain rate in the single slip loading condition. A simulation using GP-DDD requires ∼40 times fewer degrees of freedom for a copper single slip loading case, thus reducing computational time and complexity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number065011
JournalModelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jul 20 2018
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Modeling and Simulation
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Computer Science Applications


  • Dislocation dynamics
  • Frank-Read source
  • plasticity
  • single slip


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