Getting to global: An evolutionary perspective of brand expansion in international markets

Janell D. Townsend, Sengun Yeniyurt, Mehmet Berk Talay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations


The globalization of brands is an evolutionary process that is determined by environmental and firm-level factors, including a brand's position in the firm's global brand architecture. A framework is developed incorporating aspects of environmental uncertainty, mimetic behavior, and experiential learning as they relate to the globalization of brands. Global brand architecture is introduced as an important strategic consideration of a brand's position and stage of internationalization. The hypotheses are tested within the context of the global automotive industry, employing an event history analysis with time-varying covariates. The results reveal complex effects with respect to the role of market attractiveness, experiential learning, and mimetic behavior in globalization patterns. Overall, this study suggests that firms can accelerate the process of creating global brands if they enter the three major continents in the early stages of international expansion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)539-558
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of International Business Studies
Issue number4
StatePublished - May 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Business and International Management
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


  • Global brands
  • Global expansion
  • Globalization
  • Hazard rate models
  • Market entry


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