Data on 2,303 youth participating in the New York State Mental Health/ Juvenile Justice Diversion Program were used to explore differences between girls and boys on factors commonly associated with two juvenile justice outcomes: recidivism and out-of-community placement. Bivariate analyses reveal predictable differences between justice-involved girls and boys. Pooled sex multivariate models of these outcomes show no main effect of sex. The results of the within-gender analyses reveal that the type and strength of the predictors of out-of-community placement and recidivism differ for girls and boys. Some predictors suggest even opposite effects by gender. This underscores the necessity to conduct studies of girls (and women) that are grounded in female-specific theories, using data elements derived from those theories and collecting information through gender-sensitive methodologies.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Juvenile justice
- Mental health
- Risk assessment
- Substance use