Dependence of gluconeogenesis on β;-oxidation and ketogenesis from long-chain fatty acids was examined in isolated sheep hepatocyles. Hepatocytes were incubated with a combination of gluconeogenic precursors (2 mM pyruvate, 20 mM lactate, and 5 mM propionate) plus other fatty acids, in the presence and absence of tetradecylglycidic acid, an inhibitor of the carnitine palmitoyltransferase reaction. Palmitate oxidation to total acid-soluble metabolites or β;-hydroxybutyrate was markedly inhibited by the addition of tetradecylglycidic acid. In general, oxidation of palmitate to carbon dioxide was not altered by tetradecyiglycidic acid. Glucose production was inhibited 38 to 50% in the presence of tetradecylglycidic acid. Addition of acetate and butyrate inhibited gluconeogenesis, but octanoate addition had a slight stimulatory effect. In the presence of tetradecyiglycidic acid, butyrate, but not acetate, addition further reduced gluconeogenesis. In contrast, addition of octanoate in the presence of tetradecylglycidic acid restored gluconeogenic rates to control values. The results are consistent with observations in several nonruminant species and suggest that, as in those species, ruminant gluconeogenesis requires at least a basal rate of β;-oxidation and ketogenesis from long-chain fatty acids to support maximum gluconeogenic rates.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Science
- Animal Science and Zoology
- gluconeogenesis, ketogenesis, hepatocytes