The rat fructose transporter normally appears after completion of weaning but can be precociously induced by early feeding of a high-fructose diet. In this study, the crypt-villus site, the metabolic nature of the signal, and the age dependence of induction were determined. In weaning rats fed high-glucose pellets, GLUT-5 mRNA expression was modest, localized mainly in the upper three-fourths of the villus, and there was little expression in the villus base. When fed high-fructose pellets, GLUT-5 mRNA expression was two to three times greater in all regions except the villus base. Intestinal perfusion in vivo of a nonmetabolizable fructose analog, 3-O-methylfructose, tended to increase fructose uptake rate and moderately increased GLUT-5 mRNA abundance but had no effect on glucose uptake rates and SGLT1 mRNA abundance. Gavage feeding of high-fructose, but not high-glucose, solutions enhanced fructose uptake only in pups ≥14 days, suggesting that GLUT-5 regulation is markedly age dependent. Fructose or its metabolites upregulate GLUT-5 expression in all enterocytes, except those in the crypt and villus base and in pups <14 days old.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology|
|Issue number||3 44-3|
|State||Published - 2001|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physiology (medical)
- Small intestine