Glycothermal synthesis and characterization of tetragonal barium titanate

Yong Jin Jung, Dae Young Lim, Jun Seok Nho, Seung Beom Cho, Richard E. Riman, Byeong Woo Lee

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41 Scopus citations


Tetragonal barium titanate (BaTiO3) particles were synthesized at temperature as low as 220 °C through glycothermal reaction by using Ba(OH)2·8H2O and amorphous titanium hydrous gel as precursors and 1,4-butanediol and water as solvent. XRD, DSC and Raman data support that glycothermal processing method provides a simple low-temperature route for producing tetragonal BaTiO3 nanoparticles without alkaline mineralizers. It is also demonstrated that the size and shape of BaTiO 3 particles can be controlled by reaction conditions such as reaction temperature and various volume ratio of 1,4-butanediol/water. This processing method can fabricate BaTiO3 powders with narrow size distribution and low aggregation. In addition, BaTiO3 nanopowder with a Ba/Ti atomic ratio of 1.000±0.003 can be obtained in a reproducible manner with glycothermal process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)638-652
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - Feb 1 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


  • B1. 1,4-Butanediol
  • B1. Barium titanate
  • B1. Glycothermal
  • B1. Nanoparticle
  • B1. Tetragonal


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