God inside Time and before Creation

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations


Many theists reject the notion that God's eternity consists in his timelessness, i.e., in his lacking temporal extension and failing to possess properties at any times. Some of these "divine temporalists" hold that, for philosophical reasons, it is impossible to accept both the timelessness of God and the view that God knows what happens at different times and brings about events in time. Many reject divine timelessness as a dubious import from Platonism with no biblical or theological warrant. And some question the very intelligibility of the doctrine. There are many serious questions a divine temporalist must answer. One of the most frequently discussed is whether a temporal God could know ahead of time what I will freely do, or how any indeterministic system will behave. This chapter addresses two closely related, more purely metaphysical questions facing divine temporalists: (1) Does time necessarily involve change? (2) Did God have a sufficient reason for creating when he did? The latter raises the further question whether a divine temporalist can say that, in some sense, time had a beginning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGod and Time
Subtitle of host publicationEssays on the Divine Nature
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780199849130
ISBN (Print)0195129652, 9780195129656
StatePublished - Oct 3 2011
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Arts and Humanities(all)


  • Divine temporalist
  • Divine timelessness
  • Eternity
  • God
  • Temporal god
  • Time


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