Gram negative shuttle BAC vector for heterologous expression of metagenomic libraries

Kavita S. Kakirde, Jadwiga Wild, Ronald Godiska, David A. Mead, Andrew G. Wiggins, Robert M. Goodman, Waclaw Szybalski, Mark R. Liles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


Bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) vectors enable stable cloning of large DNA fragments from single genomes or microbial assemblages. A novel shuttle BAC vector was constructed that permits replication of BAC clones in diverse Gram-negative species. The "Gram-negative shuttle BAC" vector (pGNS-BAC) uses the F replicon for stable single-copy replication in E. coli and the broad-host-range RK2 mini-replicon for high-copy replication in diverse Gram-negative bacteria. As with other BAC vectors containing the oriV origin, this vector is capable of an arabinose-inducible increase in plasmid copy number. Resistance to both gentamicin and chloramphenicol is encoded on pGNS-BAC, permitting selection for the plasmid in diverse bacterial species. The oriT from an IncP plasmid was cloned into pGNS-BAC to enable conjugal transfer, thereby allowing both electroporation and conjugation of pGNS-BAC DNA into bacterial hosts. A soil metagenomic library was constructed in pGNS-BAC-1 (the first version of the vector, lacking gentamicin resistance and oriT), and recombinant clones were demonstrated to replicate in diverse Gram-negative hosts, including Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas spp., Salmonella enterica, Serratia marcescens, Vibrio vulnificus and Enterobacter nimipressuralis. This shuttle BAC vector can be utilized to clone genomic DNA from diverse sources, and then transfer it into diverse Gram-negative bacterial species to facilitate heterologous expression of recombinant pathways.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-62
Number of pages6
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 15 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics


  • Bacterial artificial chromosome
  • Heterologous expression
  • Metagenome
  • Vector


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