Have community supervision officers changed their attitudes toward their work?

Patricia M. Harris, Todd R. Clear, S. Christopher Baird

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


Studies of probation and parole officers’ attitudes conducted in the 1960s and 1970s indicated respondents’ preference for assistance over authority as the most important goal of community supervision. The present research compares results obtained from the 1970s and 1980s applications of the Authority/Assistance Questionnaire and the Correctional Policy Inventory. The findings point not only to increased concern for authority but also to the diminished meaningfulness of the assistance objective. The authors suggest that a new emphasis on surveillance, in which delivery on service is largely a means for monitoring client risk, has “crowded” the rehabilitative ideal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)219-232
Number of pages14
JournalJustice Quarterly
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1989

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Law


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