Health-related workplace productivity measurement: General and migraine-specific recommendations from the ACOEM Expert Panel

Ronald Loeppke, Pamela A. Hymel, Jennifer H. Lofland, Laura T. Pizzi, Doris L. Konicki, George W. Anstadt, Catherine Baase, Joseph Fortuna, Ted Scharf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

108 Scopus citations


An establishment of health-related productivity measurements and critical evaluation of health-related productivity tools is needed. An expert panel was created. A literature search was conducted to identify health-related productivity measurement tools. Each instrument was reviewed for: 1) supporting scientific evidence (eg, reliability and validity); 2) applicability to various types of occupations, diseases, and level of severity of disease; 3) ability to translate data into a monetary unit; and 4) practicality. A modified Delphi technique was used to build consensus. The expert panel recommended absenteeism, presenteeism, and employee turnover/replacement costs as key elements of workplace health-related productivity measurement. The panel also recommended that productivity instruments should: 1) have supporting scientific evidence, 2) be applicable to the particular work setting, 3) be supportive of effective business decision-making, and 4) be practical. Six productivity measurement tools were reviewed. The panel recommended necessary elements of workplace health-related productivity measurement, key characteristics for evaluating instruments, and tools for measuring work loss. Continued research, validation, and on-going evaluation of health-related productivity instruments are needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)349-359
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of occupational and environmental medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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