Hematopoietic failure after hemorrhagic shock is mediated partially through mesenteric lymph

Devashish J. Anjaria, Pranela Rameshwar, Edwin A. Deitch, Da Zhong Xu, Charles A. Adams, Raquel M. Forsythe, Justin T. Sambol, Carl J. Hauser, David H. Livingston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


Objective: To determine whether hemorrhagic shock-induced bone marrow failure is mediated by the gut through the production of toxic mesenteric lymph and whether shock-induced bone marrow failure could be prevented by division of the mesenteric lymphatics. Design: Prospective, controlled study. Setting: University surgical research laboratory. Subjects: Male Sprague-Dawley rats. Interventions: Rats were divided into five groups: unmanipulated controls (n = 12), hemorrhagic shock with laparotomy (n = 8), hemorrhagic shock with mesenteric lymph duct ligation (n = 10), sham shock with laparotomy (n = 6), and sham shock with mesenteric lymph duct ligation (n = 7). At either 3 or 6 hrs after resuscitation, bone marrow was obtained for determination of early (cobblestone forming cells) and late (granulocyte-macrophage colony forming unit and erythroid burst forming unit) hematopoietic progenitor cell growth. Parallel cultures were plated with plasma (1% and 2% v/v) from all groups to determine the effect of lymphatic ligation on hematopoiesis. Measurements and Main Results: Bone marrow cellularity, cobblestone forming cells, granulocyte-macrophage colony forming unit, and erythroid burst forming unit growth in rats subjected to hemorrhagic with lymph duct ligation were similar to those observed in sham-treated animals and significantly greater than in rats subjected to shock and laparotomy without lymphatic duct ligation. Plasma from rats subjected to shock without lymph ligation was inhibitory to hematopoietic progenitor cell growth. In contrast, this shock-induced inhibition was not observed with plasma obtained from shocked rats that underwent mesenteric lymph ligation. Conclusions: Hemorrhagic shock suppresses bone marrow hematopoiesis as measured by a decrease in early and late progenitor cell growth. This suppression appears mediated through mesenteric lymph as the effect is abrogated by mesenteric lymph duct ligation. These data clearly demonstrate a link between the gut and bone marrow failure after hemorrhagic shock.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1780-1785
Number of pages6
JournalCritical care medicine
Issue number9
StatePublished - 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


  • Anemia
  • Bone marrow
  • Cobblestone forming cells
  • Erythroid burst forming unit
  • Granulocyte-macrophage colony forming unit
  • Gut
  • Hematopoiesis
  • Hemorrhagic shock
  • Infection
  • Organ failure

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