The bacteriocins pediocin PA-1 and lactococcin A are synthesized as precursors carrying N-terminal extensions with a conserved cleavage site preceded by two glycine residues in positions -2 and -1. Each bacteriocin is translocated through the cytoplasmic membrane by an integral membrane protein of the ABC cassette superfamily which, in the case of pediocin PA-1, has been shown to possess peptidase activity responsible for proteolytic cleavage of the pre-bacteriocin. In each case, another integral membrane protein is essential for bacteriocin production. In this study, a two-step PCR approach was used to permutate the leaders of pediocin PA-1 and lactococcin A. Wild-type and chimeric pre-bacteriocins were assayed for maturation by the processing/export machinery of pediocin PA-1 and lactococcin A. The results show that pediocin PA-1 can be efficiently exported by the lactococcin machinery whether it carries the lactococcin or the pediocin leader. It can also compete with wild-type lactococcin A for the lactococcin machinery. Pediocin PA-1 carrying the lactococcin A leader or lactococcin A carrying that of pediocin PA-1 was poorly secreted when complemented with the pediocin PA-1 machinery, showing that the pediocin machinery is more specific for its bacteriocin substrate. Wild-type pre-pediocin and chimeric pre-pediocin were shown to be processed by the lactococcin machinery at or near the double-glycine cleavage site. These results show the potential of the lactococcin LcnC/LcnD machinery as a maturation system for peptides carrying double-glycine-type amino-terminal leaders.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Molecular Biology
- Double-glycine leader