Hierarchically Self-supervised Transformer for Human Skeleton Representation Learning

Yuxiao Chen, Long Zhao, Jianbo Yuan, Yu Tian, Zhaoyang Xia, Shijie Geng, Ligong Han, Dimitris N. Metaxas

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Despite the success of fully-supervised human skeleton sequence modeling, utilizing self-supervised pre-training for skeleton sequence representation learning has been an active field because acquiring task-specific skeleton annotations at large scales is difficult. Recent studies focus on learning video-level temporal and discriminative information using contrastive learning, but overlook the hierarchical spatial-temporal nature of human skeletons. Different from such superficial supervision at the video level, we propose a self-supervised hierarchical pre-training scheme incorporated into a hierarchical Transformer-based skeleton sequence encoder (Hi-TRS), to explicitly capture spatial, short-term, and long-term temporal dependencies at frame, clip, and video levels, respectively. To evaluate the proposed self-supervised pre-training scheme with Hi-TRS, we conduct extensive experiments covering three skeleton-based downstream tasks including action recognition, action detection, and motion prediction. Under both supervised and semi-supervised evaluation protocols, our method achieves the state-of-the-art performance. Additionally, we demonstrate that the prior knowledge learned by our model in the pre-training stage has strong transfer capability for different downstream tasks. The source code can be found at https://github.com/yuxiaochen1103/Hi-TRS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationComputer Vision – ECCV 2022 - 17th European Conference, 2022, Proceedings
EditorsShai Avidan, Gabriel Brostow, Moustapha Cissé, Giovanni Maria Farinella, Tal Hassner
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Pages185-202
Number of pages18
ISBN (Print)9783031198083
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022
Event17th European Conference on Computer Vision, ECCV 2022 - Tel Aviv, Israel
Duration: Oct 23 2022Oct 27 2022

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume13686 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference17th European Conference on Computer Vision, ECCV 2022
Country/TerritoryIsrael
CityTel Aviv
Period10/23/2210/27/22

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • General Computer Science

Keywords

  • Action detection
  • Action recognition
  • Motion prediction
  • Self-supervised learning
  • Skeleton representation learning

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