High Burden of HIV Infection and Risk Behaviors Among Female Sex Workers in Three Main Urban Areas of Mozambique

Ângelo do Rosário Augusto, Peter W. Young, Roberta Z. Horth, Celso Inguane, Isabel Sathane, Katia Ngale, Marcos Benedetti, Beverley Cummings, Carlos Francisco Sande Botão, Cynthia Amino Semá Baltazar, Heidi Frank, Jennifer Fagan, Henry Raymond, Willi McFarland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This is the first integrated biological and behavioral survey among female sex workers (FSW) in Mozambique. Using respondent-driven sampling, 400, 411 and 429 FSW were enrolled respectively in Maputo, Beira and Nampula in 2011–2012. Estimates were produced using RDSAT 7.1. HIV prevalence was 31.2, 23.6, and 17.8 % in each location respectively. Among HIV-positive FSW, 48.1, 79.8 and 89.6 % in each city, were unaware of their serostatus. Condom use at last sex with a client was 85.8, 73.4 and 62.8 % among FSW, respectively. HIV was associated with current age, age of first sex for money, low educational level, and having had a genital ulcer in the last 6 months. Results suggest the urgent need to increase behavioral and structural interventions in this key population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)799-810
Number of pages12
JournalAIDS and behavior
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016

Fingerprint

Mozambique
Sex Workers
Risk-Taking
HIV Infections
HIV
Condoms
Ulcer
Population
Surveys and Questionnaires

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

Keywords

  • Behavioral surveillance
  • Female sex workers
  • HIV prevalence
  • Mozambique
  • Respondent-driven sampling
  • Sub-Saharan Africa

Cite this

Augusto, Â. D. R., Young, P. W., Horth, R. Z., Inguane, C., Sathane, I., Ngale, K., ... McFarland, W. (2016). High Burden of HIV Infection and Risk Behaviors Among Female Sex Workers in Three Main Urban Areas of Mozambique. AIDS and behavior, 20(4), 799-810. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-015-1140-9
Augusto, Ângelo do Rosário ; Young, Peter W. ; Horth, Roberta Z. ; Inguane, Celso ; Sathane, Isabel ; Ngale, Katia ; Benedetti, Marcos ; Cummings, Beverley ; Botão, Carlos Francisco Sande ; Baltazar, Cynthia Amino Semá ; Frank, Heidi ; Fagan, Jennifer ; Raymond, Henry ; McFarland, Willi. / High Burden of HIV Infection and Risk Behaviors Among Female Sex Workers in Three Main Urban Areas of Mozambique. In: AIDS and behavior. 2016 ; Vol. 20, No. 4. pp. 799-810.
@article{06f8124507f94da3a1331e3105c8dc03,
title = "High Burden of HIV Infection and Risk Behaviors Among Female Sex Workers in Three Main Urban Areas of Mozambique",
abstract = "This is the first integrated biological and behavioral survey among female sex workers (FSW) in Mozambique. Using respondent-driven sampling, 400, 411 and 429 FSW were enrolled respectively in Maputo, Beira and Nampula in 2011–2012. Estimates were produced using RDSAT 7.1. HIV prevalence was 31.2, 23.6, and 17.8 {\%} in each location respectively. Among HIV-positive FSW, 48.1, 79.8 and 89.6 {\%} in each city, were unaware of their serostatus. Condom use at last sex with a client was 85.8, 73.4 and 62.8 {\%} among FSW, respectively. HIV was associated with current age, age of first sex for money, low educational level, and having had a genital ulcer in the last 6 months. Results suggest the urgent need to increase behavioral and structural interventions in this key population.",
keywords = "Behavioral surveillance, Female sex workers, HIV prevalence, Mozambique, Respondent-driven sampling, Sub-Saharan Africa",
author = "Augusto, {{\^A}ngelo do Ros{\'a}rio} and Young, {Peter W.} and Horth, {Roberta Z.} and Celso Inguane and Isabel Sathane and Katia Ngale and Marcos Benedetti and Beverley Cummings and Bot{\~a}o, {Carlos Francisco Sande} and Baltazar, {Cynthia Amino Sem{\'a}} and Heidi Frank and Jennifer Fagan and Henry Raymond and Willi McFarland",
year = "2016",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10461-015-1140-9",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "20",
pages = "799--810",
journal = "AIDS and Behavior",
issn = "1090-7165",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "4",

}

Augusto, ÂDR, Young, PW, Horth, RZ, Inguane, C, Sathane, I, Ngale, K, Benedetti, M, Cummings, B, Botão, CFS, Baltazar, CAS, Frank, H, Fagan, J, Raymond, H & McFarland, W 2016, 'High Burden of HIV Infection and Risk Behaviors Among Female Sex Workers in Three Main Urban Areas of Mozambique', AIDS and behavior, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 799-810. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-015-1140-9

High Burden of HIV Infection and Risk Behaviors Among Female Sex Workers in Three Main Urban Areas of Mozambique. / Augusto, Ângelo do Rosário; Young, Peter W.; Horth, Roberta Z.; Inguane, Celso; Sathane, Isabel; Ngale, Katia; Benedetti, Marcos; Cummings, Beverley; Botão, Carlos Francisco Sande; Baltazar, Cynthia Amino Semá; Frank, Heidi; Fagan, Jennifer; Raymond, Henry; McFarland, Willi.

In: AIDS and behavior, Vol. 20, No. 4, 01.04.2016, p. 799-810.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - High Burden of HIV Infection and Risk Behaviors Among Female Sex Workers in Three Main Urban Areas of Mozambique

AU - Augusto, Ângelo do Rosário

AU - Young, Peter W.

AU - Horth, Roberta Z.

AU - Inguane, Celso

AU - Sathane, Isabel

AU - Ngale, Katia

AU - Benedetti, Marcos

AU - Cummings, Beverley

AU - Botão, Carlos Francisco Sande

AU - Baltazar, Cynthia Amino Semá

AU - Frank, Heidi

AU - Fagan, Jennifer

AU - Raymond, Henry

AU - McFarland, Willi

PY - 2016/4/1

Y1 - 2016/4/1

N2 - This is the first integrated biological and behavioral survey among female sex workers (FSW) in Mozambique. Using respondent-driven sampling, 400, 411 and 429 FSW were enrolled respectively in Maputo, Beira and Nampula in 2011–2012. Estimates were produced using RDSAT 7.1. HIV prevalence was 31.2, 23.6, and 17.8 % in each location respectively. Among HIV-positive FSW, 48.1, 79.8 and 89.6 % in each city, were unaware of their serostatus. Condom use at last sex with a client was 85.8, 73.4 and 62.8 % among FSW, respectively. HIV was associated with current age, age of first sex for money, low educational level, and having had a genital ulcer in the last 6 months. Results suggest the urgent need to increase behavioral and structural interventions in this key population.

AB - This is the first integrated biological and behavioral survey among female sex workers (FSW) in Mozambique. Using respondent-driven sampling, 400, 411 and 429 FSW were enrolled respectively in Maputo, Beira and Nampula in 2011–2012. Estimates were produced using RDSAT 7.1. HIV prevalence was 31.2, 23.6, and 17.8 % in each location respectively. Among HIV-positive FSW, 48.1, 79.8 and 89.6 % in each city, were unaware of their serostatus. Condom use at last sex with a client was 85.8, 73.4 and 62.8 % among FSW, respectively. HIV was associated with current age, age of first sex for money, low educational level, and having had a genital ulcer in the last 6 months. Results suggest the urgent need to increase behavioral and structural interventions in this key population.

KW - Behavioral surveillance

KW - Female sex workers

KW - HIV prevalence

KW - Mozambique

KW - Respondent-driven sampling

KW - Sub-Saharan Africa

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84938632716&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84938632716&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10461-015-1140-9

DO - 10.1007/s10461-015-1140-9

M3 - Article

C2 - 26238035

AN - SCOPUS:84938632716

VL - 20

SP - 799

EP - 810

JO - AIDS and Behavior

JF - AIDS and Behavior

SN - 1090-7165

IS - 4

ER -