Numerous studies have established the important role that eukaryotic initiation factor-4E (eIF-4E) plays during protein biosynthesis. However, biochemical characterization of eIF-4E has proved difficult, mainly because of its low abundance in cells. To facilitate studies on eIF-4E, we have overexpressed Saccharomyces cerevisiae eIF-4E in Escherichia coli. The isolation of eIF-4E was simplified by using a cap-analog affinity matrix (agarose resin) that is considerably less demanding to prepare than those previously reported. We describe a simple and rapid purification scheme that can yield 2-5 μg of a homogenous and active preparation of eIF-4E from 1 ml of E. coli culture. E. coli-expressed eIF-4E is active as determined by its ability to bind the cap structure. The results demonstrate that the cap-binding activity of eIF-4E is not dependent on the presence of other proteins that are present at low levels in eIF-4E preparations isolated from eukaryotic cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Saccharomyces cerevisiae
- Translational initiation
- recombinant DNA