High Performance Work Systems for Service Quality: Boundary Conditions and Influence Processes

Ying Hong, Yuan Jiang, Hui Liao, Michael C. Sturman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Drawing on agency theory and the resource-based view, this study examines the moderating effect of hotel ownership structure on the relationship between high-performance work systems for service quality (HPWS-SQs) and service performance as well as the curvilinear relationship between hotel service performance and hotel profitability. Results from surveys and archival data of 126 hotels showed that when hotels were owned and operated by brands, HPWS-SQs had a positive effect on service performance. Moderated mediation analyses showed that service performance as a mediator accounted for the moderating effect of ownership and management structure on the relationship between HPWS-SQs and hotel profitability. In addition, service performance demonstrated an inverted U-shaped relationship with hotel profitability. These findings advanced the understanding of the boundary conditions and influence processes of HPWS-SQs on financial performance in service settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)747-767
Number of pages21
JournalHuman Resource Management
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Psychology
  • Strategy and Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


  • high-performance work system
  • ownership
  • service performance


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