High-Pressure Behavior of C2I2 and Polymerization to a Conductive Polymer

Matthew D. Ward, Haw Tyng Huang, Li Zhu, Dmitry Popov, Timothy A. Strobel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Crystalline diiodoacetylene (C2I2) was synthesized and then studied under high-pressure conditions using synchrotron X-ray diffraction, Raman/infrared spectroscopies, and first-principles calculations. At ∼0.3 GPa, the starting tetragonal (P42/n) phase, which is stabilized by donor-acceptor interactions, transforms into a new orthorhombic structure (Cmca) that is more densely packed and analogous to the low-temperature phase of acetylene. Above approximately 4 GPa, compressed C2I2 molecules in the Cmca structure begin to polymerize to form a predominantly sp2 amorphous carbon network that maintains a significant fraction of C-I bonds. Transport measurements reveal that the polymeric material is electrically conducting. The magnitude of the electrical conductivity is similar to Br-doped polyacetylene and undoped trans-polyacetylene at 8 GPa and 1 atm, respectively. Elemental analyses performed on recovered samples show that the iodine concentration varies with specific processing conditions. Optimization of the pressure-induced polymerization pathway could allow for enhanced electrical properties to be realized, in addition to postpolymerization functionalization using the weak C-I bonds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11369-11377
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number18
StatePublished - May 9 2019
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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