High-resolution Data Acquisition and Joint Source-Channel Coding in Underwater IoT

Vidyasagar Sadhu, Zhile Li, Zhuoran Qi, Dario Pompili

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Reliable and persistent water monitoring is a challenging problem in smart Underwater Internet of Things (UW IoT) due to its harsh, unexplored, and unpredictable nature. Given the need for high-resolution spatio-temporal sensing in such environments, traditional digital sensors are not suitable due to their high cost, high power consumption, and non-biodegradable nature. Further, reliable and low latency communication techniques that avoid data packet retransmissions, if the feedback is available, are crucial for reconstructing the phenomenon being monitored in a timely manner at the fusion center, such as a drone. To address the above challenges, we propose a novel architecture consisting of a substrate of densely deployed underwater all-analog biodegradable sensors that enable persistent sensing and continually transmitting data to the surface digital buoys. The analog nodes are designed to be energy efficient by implementing analog Joint Source-Channel Coding (JSCC), a low-complexity compression-communication technique, using biodegradable Field Effect Transistors (FETs). We then propose a correlation-aware Hybrid Automatic Repeat Request (HARQ) technique to transmit data from the surface buoys to the fusion center. Such HARQ technique leverages JSCC and the redundancy in the buoy data (arising from the correlation of the phenomenon at the analog nodes) to avoid retransmissions, thus saving energy and time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1
Number of pages1
JournalIEEE Internet of Things Journal
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Information Systems
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications


  • analog sensing
  • Biosensors
  • Encoding
  • hybrid automatic repeat request
  • Internet of Things
  • IoT
  • joint source-channel coding
  • Sensor phenomena and characterization
  • Sensors
  • Substrates
  • underwater acoustic networks


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