Conjugated dienes are desirable reagents for several important applications. We report that sterically uncrowded PCP-pincer iridium complexes, including precursors of (iPr4PCP)Ir and (Me2tBu2PCP)Ir, catalyze the transfer dehydrogenation of pentane, using high concentrations of t‐butylethylene (TBE) as hydrogen acceptor, to give high yields of 1,3-pentadiene (piperylene). Piperylene yields are ca. 100-fold greater than those obtained with the more widely used di(t‐butyl)phosphino substituted pincer iridium catalysts. This represents, to our knowledge, the first reported high-yield synthesis of dienes via the dehydrogenation of n-alkane using molecular catalysts. To our knowledge, this is the first reported high-yield synthesis of dienes achieved via the dehydrogenation of n-alkane using molecular catalysts.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Alkane dehydrogenation
- C[sbnd]H bond activation
- Catalytic alkane conversion
- Pincer-Iridium complexes