History and Technical Approaches and Considerations for Ablative Surgery for Epilepsy

Saurabh Sinha, Shabbar F. Danish

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The history of epilepsy surgery is generally noted to have begun in 1886 with Victor Horsley's first report of craniotomies for posttraumatic epilepsy. With increased understanding of brain function and development of electroencephalographic methods, nonlesional epilepsy began to be treated with resection in the 1950s. Methodological improvements and increased understanding of pathophysiology followed, and the advent of stereotaxy and ablative technology in the 1960s and 1970s heralded a new era of minimally invasive, targeted procedures for lesional and nonlesional epilepsy. Current techniques combine stereotactic methods, improved ablative technologies, and electroencephalographic methods for a multidisciplinary approach to the neurosurgical treatment of epilepsy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-36
Number of pages10
JournalNeurosurgery clinics of North America
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

Keywords

  • Ablative neurosurgery
  • Electroencephalography
  • Epilepsy
  • History
  • Stereotactic neurosurgery

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