HIV risks among female sex workers in croatia and Montenegro

Aleksandar Štulhofer, Dragan Laušević, Ivana Božičević, Valerio Baćak, Boban Mugoša, Nataša Terzić, Tihana Drglin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The study analyzed the prevalence and determinants of HIV-risks among female sex workers (FSWs) in Croatia and Montenegro. Face-to-face interviews were carried out in Zagreb, Split, and Podgorica during the 2006-2008 period. Croatian participants (n=154) reported fewer clients, more consistent condom use, higher rates of HIV testing, and greater HIV knowledge. The participants interviewed in Montenegro (n=119) were more likely to have injected drugs and to have experienced sexual abuse in the previous year. Although Montenegrin FSWs were more exposed to HIV-risks than Croatian FSWs, they reported lower HIV-risk self-assessment. Consistent condom use was significantly associated with education and HIV-risk self-assessment in the Croatian and the experience of physical/sexual abuse in the Montenegrin sample. In spite of a number of methodological limitations, the empirical insights provided by this study may assist in improving the existing HIV prevention initiatives.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)881-886
Number of pages6
JournalCollegium Antropologicum
Issue number3
StatePublished - Oct 2010
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anthropology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)


  • Croatia
  • Female sex work
  • Montenegro
  • Risk taking
  • Victimization


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