Hmga2 regulation of tooth formation and association with Sox2 and Nanog expression

Yuki Kodama, Devipriya Harinath, Nozomi Mihara-Tomiyama, Noriko Tominaga, Yoshiaki Ide, Taka Nakahara, Munehiro Maeda, Masaru Igarashi, Jeanine D'Armiento, Kiran Chada, Kazushi Imai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Tooth formation is accomplished under strict genetic programs. Although patients with chromosome 12q14 aberration shows tooth phenotype including the size and eruption timing with bone growth anomaly, its etiology is uncertain. Here, we examined expression of Hmga2, which is encoded at chromosome 12q14, in mouse tooth germs and analyzed the involvement in lower first molar (M1) and mandibular bone development. Hmga2 expression was immunohistochemically detected at enamel organ and the surrounding mesenchyme of the M1 germs. The expression was dynamically changed with gestation and rapidly decreased in postnatal mice. In Hmga2 −/− mice, the M1 germs and crowns were diminished in size, and formation and eruption of molars were delayed with mandibular bone growth retardation. Hmga2 cDNA or siRNA transfection showed that Hmga2 transcriptionally up-regulates expression of stem cell factors, Sox2 and Nanog. They were co-localized with Hmga2 in the germs, but differentially distributed at enamel organ and mesenchyme in Hmga2 −/− mice. These results demonstrate that Hmga2 expressed in tooth germs regulates the growth, sizing and eruption and stem cell factor expression in different compartment of the germ and associates with mandibular bone growth. Although future studies are needed, the present study demonstrates HMGA2 regulation of tooth genesis with skeletal development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1008-1014
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 19 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


  • High mobility group A2
  • Nanog
  • Sox2
  • Tooth development


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