How neglect and punitiveness influence emotion knowledge

Margaret Wolan Sullivan, Dennis P. Carmody, Michael Lewis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To explore whether punitive parenting styles contribute to early-acquired emotion knowledge deficits observable in neglected children, we observed 42 preschool children's emotion knowledge, expression recognition time, and IQ. The children's mothers completed the Parent-Child Conflict Tactics Scales to assess the recent use of three types of discipline strategies (nonviolent, physically punitive, and psychological aggression), as well as neglectful parenting. Fifteen of the children were identified as neglected by Child Protective Services (CPS) reports; 27 children had no record of CPS involvement and served as the comparison group. There were no differences between the neglect and comparison groups in the demographic factors of gender, age, home language, minority status, or public assistance, nor on IQ. Hierarchical multiple regression modeling showed that neglect significantly predicted emotion knowledge. The addition of IQ contributed a significant amount of additional variance to the model and maintained the fit. Adding parental punitiveness in the final stage contributed little additional variance and did not significantly improve the fit. Thus, deficits in children's emotion knowledge may be due primarily to lower IQ or neglect. IQ was unrelated to speed of emotion recognition. Punitiveness did not directly contribute to emotion knowledge deficits but appeared in exploratory analysis to be related to speed of emotion recognition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)285-298
Number of pages14
JournalChild Psychiatry and Human Development
Volume41
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2010

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Emotions
Parenting
Public Assistance
Preschool Children
Aggression
Language
Mothers
Demography
Psychology
Child Protective Services

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Sullivan, Margaret Wolan ; Carmody, Dennis P. ; Lewis, Michael. / How neglect and punitiveness influence emotion knowledge. In: Child Psychiatry and Human Development. 2010 ; Vol. 41, No. 3. pp. 285-298.
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How neglect and punitiveness influence emotion knowledge. / Sullivan, Margaret Wolan; Carmody, Dennis P.; Lewis, Michael.

In: Child Psychiatry and Human Development, Vol. 41, No. 3, 01.06.2010, p. 285-298.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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