Hybrid data capture for monitoring patients on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in urban Botswana

Hermann Bussmann, C. William Wester, Ndwapi Ndwapi, Chris Vanderwarker, Tendani Gaolathe, Geoffrey Tirelo, Ava Avalos, Howard Moffat, Richard G. Marlink

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations


Individual patient care and programme evaluation are pivotal for the success of antiretroviral treatment programmes in resource-limited countries. While computer-aided documentation and data storage are indispensable for any large programme, several important issues need to be addressed including which data are to be collected, who collects it and how it is entered into an electronic database. We describe a patient-monitoring approach, which uses patient encounter forms (in hybrid paper + electronic format) based on optical character recognition, piloted at Princess Marina Hospital in Gaborone, Botswana's first public highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) outpatient clinic. Our novel data capture approach collects "key" data for tracking patient and programme outcomes. It saves physician time and does not detract from clinical care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127-131C
JournalBulletin of the World Health Organization
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2006
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


  • Automatic data processing
  • Botswana (source: MeSH, NLM)
  • Computerized
  • Data collection
  • Medical records
  • Medical records systems

Cite this

Bussmann, H., Wester, C. W., Ndwapi, N., Vanderwarker, C., Gaolathe, T., Tirelo, G., Avalos, A., Moffat, H., & Marlink, R. G. (2006). Hybrid data capture for monitoring patients on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in urban Botswana. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 84(2), 127-131C. https://doi.org/10.2471/BLT.04.019307