We review the results of compressibility studies on proteins, nucleic acids, and systematically altered low molecular weight compounds that model the constituents of these biopolymers. The model compound data allow one to define the compressibility properties of water surrounding charged, polar, and nonpolar groups. These results, in conjunction with compressibility data on proteins and nucleic acids, were used to define the properties of water that is perturbed by the presence of these biopolymers in aqueous solutions. Throughout this review, we emphasize the importance of compressibility data for characterizing the hydration properties of solutes (particularly, proteins, nucleic acids, and their constituents), while describing how such data can be interpreted to gain insight into role that hydration can play in modulating the stability of and recognition between biologically important compounds.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry
- Charged, polar, and nonpolar atomic groups
- DNA duplexes
- Globular proteins
- Partial compressibility