Hydrothermal Precipitation of Lead Zirconate Titanate Solid Solutions: Thermodynamic Modeling and Experimental Synthesis

Malgorzata M. Lencka, Andrzej Anderko, Richard E. Riman

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100 Scopus citations

Abstract

A previously developed thermodynamic model of hydro‐thermal synthesis of ceramic powders has been extended to include cases when solid solutions are formed. The model has been applied to the synthesis of a series of lead titanate zirconate solid solutions PbZrxTi1–xO3 (PZT, 0.46 < x≤ 0.75). It predicts the optimum conditions (i.e., reagent, concentration, pH, and temperature) for the precipitation of phase‐pure homogeneous PZT, provided that the reactants are well mixed. The predictions have been experimentally corroborated using coprecipitated hydrous oxide ZrxTi1–xC2nH2O (0.46 < x≤ 0.75), as a precursor for Ti and Zr and water‐soluble lead acetate or nitrate salts as a source for Pb. When mixtures of hydrous oxides ZrO2·nH2O and TiO2·nH2O were employed as Ti and Zr precursors, independent PbTiO3 and PbZrO3 precipitates rather than the PZT solid solutions formed. These results can be rationalized on the basis of reaction kinetics where thermodynamic modeling includes or excludes the possibility of solid‐solution formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2609-2618
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume78
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

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