Hydrothermal synthesis and properties of Ce1-xLaxO2-δ solid solutions

S. Dikmen, P. Shuk, M. Greenblatt

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The structure, thermal expansion coefficients, ionic and electronic conductivities of Ce1-xLaxO2-δ (x = 0-0.30) solid solutions, prepared for the first time hydrothermally, were investigated. The uniformly small particle size (25-50 nm) of the hydrothermally prepared materials allows sintering of the samples into highly dense ceramic pellets at 1300-1400°C, a significantly lower temperature, compared to that at 1600-1650°C required for ceria solid electrolytes prepared by solid state techniques. The solubility limit of La2O3 in CeO, was determined to be around 20 mol.%. The maximum conductivity, δ600°C approx. 6.4 × 10-3 S/cm with Ea = 0.73 eV, was found at x = 0.15. The thermal expansion coefficients, determined from high-temperature X-ray data are 11.7±0.6 × 10-6 K-1 for the CeO2, and, increase with increasing La substitution (15.0 × 10-6 K-1 at x = 0.20).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-95
Number of pages7
JournalSolid State Ionics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Nov 1 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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