Hydrothermal synthesis and properties of mixed conducting Ce1-xTbxO2-δ solid solutions

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Abstract

The structure, thermal expansion coefficients, and ionic and electronic conductivities of Ce1-xTbxO2-δ (x = 0-0.30) solid solutions, prepared hydrothermally for the first time, were investigated. The uniformly small particle size (33-40 nm) of the hydrothermally prepared materials allows sintering of the samples into highly dense ceramic pellets at 1300-1400 °C, a significantly lower temperature, compared to that at 1600-1650 °C required for samples prepared by solid-state techniques. X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy was used for the identification of Tb3+/Tb4+ ions. The maximum of total conductivity was found at x = 0.25 (σ700°c = 2.1 × 10-2 S/cm, Ea = 0.49 eV) with electronic contribution to the total conductivity around ∼50% at 600-700°C. The conductivity becomes more ionic with decreasing Tb substitution. The thermal expansion coefficients, determined from high-temperature X-ray diffraction data, are 11.7 × 10-6 K-1 for CeO2 and slowly decrease with increasing Tb substitution (10.8 × 10-6 K-1 at x = 0.30).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)473-479
Number of pages7
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

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