The c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) group of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases are activated by pleiotropic signals including environmental stresses, growth factors, and hormones. JNK-interacting protein 1 (JIP1) is a scaffold protein that assembles and facilitates the activation of the mixed lineage kinase-dependent JNK module and also establishes an interaction with β-amyloid precursor protein that has been partially characterized. Here we show that, similarly to other proteins involved in various neurological diseases, JIP1 becomes hyperphosphorylated following activation of stress-activated and MAP kinases. By immobilized metal affinity chromatography and a combined micro-capillary LC/MALDI-TOF/ESI-ion trap mass spectrometry approach, we identified 35 sites of mitotic phosphorylation within JIP1, among which eight were present within (Ser/Thr)-Pro sequence. This motif is modified by various kinases in aggregates of the microtubule-associated protein tau, which generates typical intraneuronal lesions occurring in Alzheimer disease. Most of the post-translational modifications found were located within the JNK, MAP kinase kinase, and RAC-α Ser/Thr protein kinase binding regions; no modifications occurred in protein Src homology 3 and phosphotyrosine interaction domains, which are essential for binding to kinesin, β-amyloid precursor protein, and MAP kinase kinase kinase. Protein phosphorylation is known to affect stability and protein-protein interactions. Thus, the findings that JIP1 is extensively phosphorylated after activation of stress-activated and MAP kinases indicate that these signaling pathways might modulate JIP1 signaling by regulating its stability and association with some, but not all, interacting proteins.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Molecular Biology