These experiments examined the effects of a high and a low dose of estradiol benzoate (EB) in enhancing lordosis behavior and correlated these effects with the retention of hypothalamic nuclear estrogen receptors (NER) in female hamsters. Ten μg EB was significantly more effective in facilitating sexual receptivity in hamsters when it was followed 36 or 48 hr later by 0.5 mg progesterone (P), but not when P was given 24 hr after EB. Low levels of behavioral responses were observed in animals that received P at 24, 36 or 48 hr after 2 μg EB. Correspondingly, although the hypothalamic NER levels were equally elevated 24 hr after either a low or a high dose of EB, these receptor concentrations remained high at 36 and 48 hr post EB, only in those animals that received the high estrogen dose. The results of these experiments suggest that the long-term retention of NERs (which is maintained by a single high EB dose) may play an important role in the enhancement of sexual receptivity in hamsters.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
- Behavioral Neuroscience
- Estradiol benzoate
- Estrogen receptors