Hypothermic machine preservation reduces molecular markers of ischemia/reperfusion injury in human liver transplantation

S. D. Henry, E. Nachber, J. Tulipan, J. Stone, C. Bae, L. Reznik, T. Kato, B. Samstein, J. C. Emond, J. V. Guarrera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

108 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP) is in its infancy in clinical liver transplantation. Potential benefits include diminished preservation injury (PI) and improved graft function. Molecular data to date has been limited to extrapolation of animal studies. We analyzed liver tissue and serum collected during our Phase 1 trial of liver HMP. Grafts preserved with HMP were compared to static cold stored (SCS) transplant controls. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), immunohistochemistry and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were performed on liver biopsies. Expression of inflammatory cytokines, adhesion molecules and chemokines, oxidation markers, apoptosis and acute phase proteins and the levels of CD68 positive macrophages in tissue sections were evaluated. RT-PCR of reperfusion biopsy samples in the SCS group showed high expression of inflammatory cytokines, adhesion molecules and chemokines, oxidative markers and acute phase proteins. This upregulation was significantly attenuated in livers that were preserved by HMP. Immunofluorescence showed larger numbers of CD68 positive macrophages in the SCS group when compared to the HMP group. TEM samples also revealed ultrastructural damage in the SCS group that was not seen in the HMP group. HMP significantly reduced proinflammatory cytokine expression, relieving the downstream activation of adhesion molecules and migration of leukocytes, including neutrophils and macrophages when compared to SCS controls. The authors report that hypothermic machine preservation of 20 transplanted human livers resulted in down-regulation of a variety of molecular markers of ischemia/reperfusion injury compared to standard cold storage control cases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2477-2486
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Transplantation
Volume12
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2012
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Transplantation
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Keywords

  • Cytokines
  • RT-PCR
  • hypothermic machine perfusion
  • ischemia/reperfusion injury
  • liver transplantation
  • machine preservation
  • molecular
  • organ preservation

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