Hysteresis phenomena in nanoconfinements: Density functional theory and experiments

A. V. Neimark, P. I. Ravikovitch

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Hysteresis phenomena are observed in many nanoporous environments during adsorption/desorption isothermal quasiequilibrium cycles. A non-local DFT model has been developed for predicting adsorption/desorption isotherms in nanopores of different geometries in the wide range of pore sizes (0.5-10 nm) based on given intermolecular fluid/fluid and fluid/solid potentials. Depending on the confining geometry and the intermolecular potentials two types of hysteresis phenomena are occurred: capillary condensation/evaporation that implies volume filling of pores with a liquid-like matter, and layering adsorption/desorption that implies sequential step-wise formation of adsorption layers. It is shown that the DFT model qualitatively describes these phenomena and is in a reasonable quantitative agreement with some of the experiments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)165-170
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 1996 MRS Fall Meeting - Boston, MA, USA
Duration: Dec 2 1996Dec 5 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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