Background: Differentially expressed genes and their post-transcriptional regulator-microRNAs (miRNAs), are potential keys to pioneering cancer diagnosis and treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate how the miRNA-mRNA interactions might affect the tumorigenesis of bladder cancer (BC) and to identify specific miRNA and mRNA genetic markers in the two BC types: non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) and muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC). Results: We identified 227 genes that interacted with 54 miRNAs in NMIBC, and 14 genes that interacted with 10 miRNAs in MIBC. Based on this data, we found extracellular matrix-related genes are highly enriched in NMIBC while genes related to core nuclear division are highly enriched in MIBC. Furthermore, using a transcriptional regulatory element database, we found indirect regulatory transcription factors (TFs) for enriched genes could regulate tumorigenesis with or without miRNAs. Materials and methods: Tissue samples from 234 patients histologically diagnosed with BC and 83 individuals without BC were analyzed using microarray and next-generation sequencing technology, and we used different cut-offs to identify differentially expressed mRNAs and miRNAs in NMIBC and MIBC. The selected mRNAs and miRNAs were paired using validated target datasets and according to inverse expression relationships. MiRNA interacted genes were compared with the TFwww regulating genes in BC. Meanwhile, pathway enrichment analysis was performed to identify the functions of selected miRNAs and genes. Conclusions: Identification of differential gene expression in specific tumor types could facilitate development of cancer diagnosis and aid in the early detection of BC.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Bladder cancer tumorigenesis
- MiRNA-mRNA interaction
- Transcription factor